The jute plants are harvested, and then the fibers are extracted by a process called retting. In this process, moisture and microorganisms are used on plants to dissolve the cellular tissues that surround fiber bundles. This helps in separating the fiber from the stem. The retting process also involves bundling and immersing the jute in water.
After this process, the fibers are stripped. Then, the non-fibers are removed, and the fibers are separated from within the jute stem. Finally, they are dried in the open air, and the resultant fiber is used to produce products like jute yarn, geo-jute, handbags & shopping bags, etc.